Similarity and Early Development of Musical Art For Archeological Materials




archeology, excavations, musical instruments, hiking


Musical art has always been an important part of human culture. Primitive archeology in Ukraine has almost never been the subject of such research. The purpose of the article is to review the data available in archeology, primarily in Ukraine. Historical, retrospective and comparative methods are used, as well as the method of analogies and the main provisions of music theory.

In the process of socioanthropogenesis, the so-called Neanderthals (Homo Sapiens) attract attention. It is they, who have parts of the brain responsible for labor activity and language. This is impossible without the formation of a high larynx. The prerequisites for musical activity appear about 150 thousand years ago. At the end of the Muster era, the first artificial musical instruments appeared (Divier-Babe, Geissenklosterle, KhokhleFels, Vogelherd, Isturitz, Molodovo I and V, Attacks I).

The design of the flute from the Molodovo site allowed the use of the embushure technique. At the Mezin site in the Chernihiv region, mammoth bones painted with ocher, were found, which made up an ensemble of percussion instruments. A number of "Pan flutes" come from Bronze Age monuments. Their sets include from 2 to 7 bone tubes. Five-sound (5-pipe) flutes reproduce the pentatonic scale. A peculiar musical instrument such as a bagpipe was found in a mound near the village. Vinogradnoye, Tokmaksky district, Zaporozhye region.

Hammer-shaped pins are found in pit and catacomb burials. They are sometimes found together with bronze hemispheres. The hemispheres can be interpreted as images of calls. The sound of metal bells on the piano reproduces light-ringing sounds, and on the forte - brilliant, radiant, brilliant sounds. This could be associated with the natural phenomenon of falling drops of water, sparkling and reflecting the rays of the sun in the water (rain-making rites).An interesting medieval string instrument, was discovered during the work of the Krasnoznamensk expedition of the Institute of Archeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. From the very beginning, music had not only industrial, but also religious significance, manifested in the ethics and aesthetics of ancient society. In the musical traditions of the ancient population of Ukraine, both eastern pentotonic traditions and southern ones, inherent in the societies of the Middle East or the Near East, can be traced. Many musical instruments begin to take shape much earlier than previously thought.

Author Biographies

Kateryna Fadieieva, Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine

Doctor of Arts, professor of the general and specialized piano department

Serhii Pustovalov, Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts

Pustovalov Serhii, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of the museum management department


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